A home is meant to be a safe place for everyone. Ironically, electrical power poses one of the biggest safety risks in homes. It is a source of power that you cannot afford to live without. So when it comes to your family’s safety, you have to be extra careful about preventing any hazards. Here are 10 electrical safety rules that all homeowners should follow.
Electrical Safety Rules
1. Avoid Contact with Energized Circuits: This is the most basic electrical safety rule yet most people don’t take it seriously. All electrical wires and devices should be treated with precaution in a way that they are live. This can help you prevent any potential mishaps.
2. Handle Devices with Dry Hand: It is always recommended to handle electrical devices and appliances with dry hand. You can take this precaution further and wear non-conductive gloves to prevent any contact with energized surfaces. For complete safety, you should also wear shoes having insulated soles and protective clothing. It is also important not to handle any electrical devices if you have wet hands or feet. In fact, you shouldn't do so even if you are perspiring.
3. Water Spilling: If water or any other liquid spills over a device or appliance, it is important that you shut off the power at the circuit breaker or main. Unplug the device and turn on the circuit breaker. You should never try to wipe clean the liquid when the device is plugged in.
4. Use Professional Tools: If you work with electrical devices, you should always use tools having non-conductive handles. Avoid any type of metallic items like pencils, watchbands, or rings when working with electrical devices. If you work with equipment having capacitors, make sure that electrical charge is discharged out of them.
5. Use One Hand: When working with any electrical device, it is safe to use only one hand. Make sure that your other hand is not touching any surface made of conductive material. This helps in preventing any risk of current passing through your body.
6. Enclose Contacts: Never leave any electrical contacts open. You should always cover all contacts and conductors to prevent any accidental contact. It is often seen that naked wires are left hanging in and around buildings. Many people don’t fix defective circuit because they feel that grounding will be enough to provide safety. It is not recommended to do so. It can be hazardous and also increase your energy bills due to unwanted electrical discharge.
7. Cold Areas: You should avoid the use of electrical devices in cold rooms. The same rule applies in rooms with high condensation. If there are certain devices that need to be used in such rooms, you should mount them on the wall.
8. Repair/Replace Damaged Power Cords: It is often seen that damaged power cords are used in homes without any safety concerns. All types of exposed wiring are big safety hazards. If you notice any damage to the protective sheath on a power cord, you should immediately cover it or get it replaced.
9. Avoid the Use of Extension Cords: Extension cords can create other types of risks. When you run the cord through your home, someone can trip and get injured. It can also cause damage to the outlet and/or wire. If you have to use extension cords too often, it is best to install a few new outlets to meet your needs.
10. Precautions for Lights: Lights may seem to be harmless, but mishandling them can also create risks of electrocution. Make sure to turn off the light switch before you replace a bulb. Make sure to use a light bulb with the right wattage. This is important to prevent overheating. When painting, it is recommended to mask the plate around the lighting instead of removing it.
Additional Electrical Safety Rules
There are many more rules to be followed to eliminate or prevent any risk of electrocution. This includes:
11. Avoid overloading any outlet
12. Always keep an eye on little children to prevent any electrical accidents
13. All electrical devices and outlets should be kept away from water or moisture
14. If an electrical appliance or device produces a ‘tingle’, disconnect it and get it checked by a licensed electrician
15. Avoid storage of flammable substances near electrical devices, outlets, or power cords
16. You should never wear loose clothing when working on an electrical device
It is best never to handle any electrical work yourselves. Even if it is a minor work, you should call an experienced and licensed electrician to take care of it. So follow these tips to ensure that there is never any electrical safety risk in your home.